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Pratikraman

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Introduction to Pratikraman

This article consists of the Pratikraman ritual which includes many texts (Sutras). The original texts are written in Ardha maghdhi and Sanskrit languages which consist of many hymns in praise of Lords and many verses of repentance and confession.

"Prati" means "back" and "kraman" means "to go", i.e. to go back, review, confess, and repent the bad thoughts and deeds from our daily activities.

Jains are required to do Pratikraman twice a day, in the morning and in the evening. The evening Pratikraman is for the repentance of sins done during the day and the morning pratikraman is for the repentance of sins done during the night.

However, if someone cannot perform the daily Pratikraman there is a provision for biweekly, quarterly, or yearly Pratikraman. The yearly Pratikraman is called Samvatsari and the scriptures indicate that Samvatsari Pratikraman must be done by all Jains.

Table of Contents:

1.1 Introduction to Pratikraman Ritual

1.2 Six Essential Daily Activities for Common People

1.3 Meaning of Samayik (Equanimity) Ritual

1.4 Meaning of Pratikraman Ritual

2.0 Preparation for Pratikraman Ritual

3.0 Pratikraman Ritual:

3.1 Adopting the vows of Samayik

3.1a Jain Prayer (Namokar Mantra)

3.1b Chattari Mangalam Sutra

3.1c Taking Vows of Samayik Karemi Bhante Sutra

3.1d Forgiveness Sutra of Samayik

     Irya Vahiyae Sutra

3.2 Pratikraman Ritual

3.2a Prayer of the Twenty-four Tirthankars

     Logass Ujjoyegare Sutra

3.2b Saluting the qualities of Arihants/Tirthankars

     Namutthunam Sutra

3.2c Salutation to Tirthankars and Ascetics

     Ichchami Khamasamano Sutra

3.2d Salutation to Ascetics

     Tikhutto Sutra

3.2e Universal Forgiveness and Friendship

     Khamemi Savve Jiva Sutra

3.2f Daily Absolution Prayer

     Jam Jam Manen Baddham Sutra

3.2h Prayer to the Universal Energy

     Oh Hreem Shreem Sutra

3.2i Meditation on the Five Great Vows

     Ahinsa (Non-Violence)

     Satya (Truth)

     Asteya (Non-stealing)

     Brahmacharya (Celibacy/Chastity)

     Aparigraha (Non-Possession/Non-Attachment)

3.2j Meditation Statements

3.2k Shanti Paath:

3.2l Kayotsarg or Meditation:

3.2m Pratyakhan/Pachchhakhan

List of vows to take

3.3 Concluding the vows of Samayik

3.3a Prayer to Great Souls

Namokar Mantra

Chattari Mangalam Sutra:

3.3b Concluding the vows of Samayik

Samayik-vaya-jutto Sutra

4.0 Recitation of Stavans

4.1 Samaro Mantra

4.2 Maitri Bhavana or the Immortal Song

Appendix

Significance of the Rosary

Proper use of a Handkerchief or Muhpatti

Universal Forgiveness

1.1 Introduction to Pratikraman Ritual:

This article consists of the Pratikraman ritual which includes many texts (Sutras). The original texts are written in Ardha maghdhi and Sanskrit languages which consist of many hymns in praise of Lords and many

verses of repentance and confession.

"Prati" means "back" and "kraman" means "to go", i.e. to go back, review, confess, and repent the bad thoughts and deeds from our daily activities.

Jains are required to do Pratikraman twice a day, in the morning and in the evening. The evening Pratikraman is for the repentance of sins done during the day and the morning pratikraman is for the repentance of sins done during the night.

However, if someone cannot perform the daily Pratikraman there is a provision for biweekly, quarterly, or yearly Pratikraman. The yearly Pratikraman is called Samvatsari and the scriptures indicate that Samvatsari Pratikraman must be done by all Jains.

Six Essential Daily Activities for Common People

Jainism advocates six essential rites for common people to help them free themselves from negative thoughts and enhance their spiritual progress. It recommends these rites be performed daily.

1. Samayik - Equanimity

Remaining calm and undisturbed for 48 minutes

2. Chaturvimshati-stav

Praying and appreciating the qualities of the twenty four Tirthankars

3. Vandana

Respecting and saluting ascetics

4. Pratikraman

Reviewing your daily activities, and concentrating on retreating from them

5. Kayotsarg

Stopping attachments to the body, and turning within yourself

6. Pratyakhan/Pachchhakhan

Renouncing certain activities for some time to discipline one's self

Meaning of Samayik Rituals (Equanimity):

During the Samayik one should reflect on the following qualities:

Equanimity towards all beings

Self-control and pure aspirations

Abandonment of every thought which is tainted by desire and aversion.

Equanimity is the quality of remaining calm and undisturbed. It implies evenness of mind and temper. It is serenity and composure. It is essential for the practice of nonviolence and removal of Karmas.

Equanimity is practiced by monks and nuns at all times. Common people can gradually detach themselves from all external objects.

Meaning of Pratikraman Ritual

As explained above "Prati" means "back" and "kraman" means "to go", i.e. to go back, review, confess, and repent the bad thoughts and deeds from our daily activities. It also means going back to the path of nonviolence, truthfulness, non attachment, forgiving the faults of others, asking forgiveness with an open heart, and extending friendship. This will stop (samvara) the influx (asrava) of karma that cover the true nature of our soul (self, jiva, or atman) which has the qualities of perfect knowledge, vision, bliss, and power.

Throughout the Pratikraman ritual, if you think about material happiness, family, friends, and relationships then you should remember that this is not the true nature of my soul, let me meditate on the mantra called;

"NA-HUM" (I am not that).

Next, reinforce your identification with your soul which has the qualities of perfect knowledge, vision, bliss, and power. Please meditate on the mantra;

"SO-HUM" (I am that).

The Pratikraman ritual is the single most important essential because it covers the other five essentials as follows:

One is required to do Samayik before the Pratikraman ritual, which covers the Samayik essential.

During Pratikraman rituals, one recites the Logass and Namutthunam sutras which salutes the twenty four Tirthankars and their qualities, which covers the Chaturvimshati_stav essential.

During Pratikraman rituals, one recites the Khamasaman and Tikhutto sutras which salutes the ascetics and their qualities, which covers the Vandana essential.

The Pratikraman ritual is done while sitting or standing in the meditating position, providing Kayotsarg to human body.

During the Pratikraman ritual one takes Pachchha_khan according to one's capacity which covers Pratyakhan essential.

 

Preparation for Pratikraman and Samayik Ritual:

Wear clean clothes

Sit on a cotton piece of cloth on a hard floor

keep a clean handkerchief in the front of your mouth during the recitation of rituals or keep your mouth covered all the time

Refrain from eating, drinking, and chewing

Avoid using the restroom during ritual

Keep silent when Sutras are not recited by you

 

Pratikraman Ritual:

One should adopt the vows of Samayik before one begins the Pratikraman ritual. The complete Pratikraman ritual is done in three phases.

Adopting the vows of Samayik (phase 1)

Pratikraman Ritual (phase 2)

Concluding the vows of Samayik (phase 3)

Adopting the vows of Samayik

A person adopts the vows of equanimity for 48 minutes by reciting the following Sutras for 48 minutes:

Jain prayer

Namaskar/Namokar Maha-mantra (recite three times)

Namo Arihantanam

Namo Siddhanam

Namo Airiyanam

Namo Uvajjhayanam

Namo Loe Savva Sahunam

Eso Panch Namokaro

Savva Pava Panasano

Mangala Nancha Savvesim

Padhamam Havai Mangalam

Namo Arihantanam

I bow to those living beings who have reached enlightenment by overcoming inner weaknesses, who have attained infinite knowledge, vision, bliss, and power and showed us the path which brings an end to the cycle of birth and death.

Namo Siddhanam

I bow to those who have attained the state of perfection and immortality by liberating themselves of all karma.

Namo Airiyanam

I bow to those living beings who practice before preaching right knowledge, right perception, and right conduct.

Namo Uvajjhayanam

I bow to those living beings who understand the true nature of the soul and teach the importance of the spiritual life over the material life.

Namo Loe Savva Sahunam

I bow to all the living beings who strictly follow the five great vows of conduct and inspire us to live a simple life.

Eso Panch Namokaro

To these five types of great souls I offer my praise.

Savva Pava Panasano

Such praise will help diminish my negative vibrations and sins.

Mangala Nancha Savvesim

Giving this praise is most auspicious.

Padhamam Havai Mangalam

It is so auspicious as to bring happiness.

Chattari Mangalam:

Chattari Mangalam,

Arihanta Mangalam,

Siddha Mangalam,

Sahu Mangalam,

Kevali Pannato Dhammo Mangalam.

Chattari Loguttama,

Arihanta Loguttama,

Siddha Loguttama,

Sahu Loguttama,

Kevali Pannato Dhammo Loguttamo.

Chattari Saranam Pavvajjami,

Arihanta Saranam Pavvajjami,

Siddha Saranam Pavvajjami,

Sahu Saranam Pavvajjami,

Kevali Pannatum Dhammun Saranam Pavvajjami.

These four are auspicious; the arihantas, the siddhas, the ascetics, and the religion expounded by the omniscient beings (Tirthankars).

These four are the most divine in the universe; the arihantas, the siddhas, the ascetics, and the religion expounded by the omniscient beings (Tirthankars).

May I take refuge in these four; the arihantas, the siddhas, the ascetics, and the religion expounded by the omniscient beings (Tirthankars).

Vow of Samayik

Karemi Bhante Sutra:

Karemi Bhante!

Samaiyam, Savajjam Jogam Pachchakkhami,

Java Niyamam Pajjuvasami,

Duviham, Tivihenam,

Manenam, Vayae, Kayenam,

Na Karemi, Na Karavemi, Tassa Bhante!

Padikkamami, Nindami, Garihami, Appanam Vosirami.

I take the vow of refraining from all undesirable activities. Oh Lord! I will worship you for the duration of Samayik.

With the two-fold activities, (I will not do and I will not make others do) and with three-fold activities of mind, speech, and body, I will not overlook any desirable activities.

Oh respected Lord! I give up all harmful activities of speech and body.

I criticize myself for my undesirable actions. I express disapproval of my demerits. I am determined to free myself (soul).

Forgiveness Sutra of Samayik

Irya Vahiyae Sutra:

Ichchha-karena Sandisaha Bhagavan,

Irya Vahiyanm Paddikka-mami?

Ichchham Ichchami Padikkamiu. 1

Iriya vahiyae, Virahanae, 2

Gamana-gamane, 3

Panakka-mane, Biakka-mane,

Hariyakka-mane, Osa-Uttinga,

Panaga-daga, Matti Makkada,

Santana, Sankamane. 4

Je me jiva virahiya, 5

Egindiya, Beindiya, Teindiya,

Chaurindiya, Panchindiya, 6

Abihaya, Vattiya, Lesiya,

Sanghaiya, Sanghattiya, Pariyaviya,

Kilamiya, Uddaviya, Thanao-Thanam,

Sankamiya, Jiviyao-vavaroviya,

Tassa michchhami dukkadam. 7

While walking I may have pained living beings, I may have crushed living beings, I may have crushed live animate seeds, I may have crushed live plants, living beings in the dew, ant hills, the living moss, living beings in water particles, the live earth, the webs of spiders, I may have harassed or may have crushed all these.

Whatever living beings may have been caused pain or torment by me:

souls with only one sense, the sense of touch, as in the elements of earth, water, fire, air, and in plants;

souls with only two senses, the sense of touch and taste, as in worms and shell creatures;

souls with three senses, the sense of touch, taste, and smell, as in ants;

souls with four senses, the sense of touch, taste, smell, and seeing, as in bees, wasps, and other flying insects;

souls with all five senses, the sense of touch, taste, smell, seeing and hearing, as in beings of the water (fish), beings of the land (mammals, animals and human), and beings of the sky (birds).

Whomever may have been beaten or struck by me while traveling;

whomever may have gotten covered by dust;

whomever may have been rubbed up against;

who may have been forced to collide with one another;

whomever may have been caused pain by my touching or tilting them; whomever may have been tormented by being turned entirely upside down; To whomever I may have inflicted pain;

whomever I may have frightened;

whomever I may have shifted from one place to another;

whomever I may have separated from life and made lifeless.

May all that be forgiven and may all the suffering I caused, knowingly or unknowingly, cease. May the ignorance in me which caused pain in other beings lives come to an end, and may they all forgive me.

Pratikraman Rituals

During the second phase one recites the Pratikraman ritual for at least forty-eight minutes.

Prayer of 24 Tirthankars:

Logass Ujjoyegare Sutra

Logass Ujjoyegare,

Dhamma Titha-yare Jine;

Arihante Kittyesam,

Chauvisam-pi Kevali. 1

Usabha-majiyam Cha Vande,

Sambhavam-Abhinandanan-cha Sumaen-cha;

Pauma-ppaham Supasam,

Jinan Cha, Chand-ppaham Vande. 2

Suvihim Cha Pupfa-dantam,

Sial-Sijjans, Vasu-pujjan cha;

Vimalm-anantam Cha Jinam,

Dhamma Santin Cha Vandami. 3

Kunthun Aram-cha Mallim,

Vande Muni-Suvvayam, Nami-jinam Cha;

Vandami Retthnemim,

Pasam Tah Vaddhmanam Cha. 4

Evam Mai Abhithuya,

Vihuye Rayamala, Pahin-jaramarna;

Chauvisampi Jinvara,

Tithyara Me Paseyantu. 5

Kittiya Vandiya-Mahiya,

Je a Logassa Uttama Siddha;

Arugga-bohilabham,

Samahivar-muttamam Dintu. 6

Chandesu Nimmalayara,

Aaichchesu Ahiyam Paya-sayara;

Sagar Var Gambhira,

Siddha Siddhim Mam Disantu. 7

Oh, Arihantas (Tirthankaras)! You are shedding divine light on the entire universe. Founder of divine laws and conqueror of inner enemies I praise you Lord. Tirthankaras who are the omniscient twety four.

I bow to Adinath or Rushabha-dev, Ajitanath, Sambhavanath, Abhinandananath, Sumatinath, Padmprabhu, Suparshva, and Chandraprabhu.

I bow to Suvidhinath or Pushpadant, Sitalanath, Shreyansanath, Vasupujya-swami, Vimalanath, Anantanath, Dharmanath, and

Shantinath.

I bow to Kunthunath, Arahanath, Mallinath, Munisuvrat-swami, and Naminath. I bow to Aristha Neminath, Parshvanath, and Mahaviraswami(Vardhman).

I am praising the Arihantas who have been liberated from all karma and have broken the cycle of birth and death. These are the twenty-four Lord Jinas (Tirthankaras) that smile upon me.

Oh, Arihantas! You are praised and bowed to, whole heartily worshipped. You are the purest souls in the universe. Grant me divine health and knowledge and the highest state of consciousness.

You are brighter than the moon and more brilliant than the sun. You are deeper than the oceans. My God, grant me perfection.

Saluting the qualities of Arihants/Tirthankars:

Namutthunam Sutra

Nammutthunam Arihantanam, Bhagavantanam. 1

Aigaranam, Titthayaranam, Sayam Sambuddhanam. 2

Purisuttamanam, Purisa-Sihanam,

Purisa-Vara Pundarianam,

Purisa-Vara Gandhahatthinam. 3

Loguttamanam, Loga-Nahanam, Loga-Hianam,

Loga-Paivanam, Loga-Pajjoagaranam. 4

Abhayadayanam, Chakkhudayanam, Maggadayanam,

Saranadayanam, Bohidayanam. 5

Dhamma Dayanam, Dhamma Desayanam

Dhamma-Nayaganam; Dhamma Sarahinam,

Dhamma-Vara-Chauranta-Chakkavattinam. 6

Appadihaya-Varanana-Dansanadharanam,

Viyatta Chhaumanam. 7

Jinanam Javayanam, Tinnanam Tarayanam,

Buddhanam Bohayanam, Muttanam Moaganam. 8

Savvannunam Savvadarisinam

Siva-Mayala-Marua-Mananta-Makkhaya

Mavvabaha-Mapunaravitti

Siddhigai-Namadheyam, Thanam Sampattanam,

Namo Jinanam, Jiabhayanam. 9

Je A-Aia Siddha,

Je A-Bhavissanti-Nagae Kale;

Sampai A Vattamana,

Savve Tivihena Vandami. 10

Obeisance to Arihants and Bhagavats.

Obeisance to Adikaras, the Tirthankaras, and the self enlightened ones.

Obeisance to the best among men, the lions among men, the best lotus among men, the elephants of the gandhana species among men;

Obeisance to the best in the world, the guides of the world, the benefactors of the world, the beacon_lights of the world, and the enlighteners of the world.

Obeisance to the liberators from fear, the givers of vision, the givers of the path, the givers of refuse, the givers of life, and the givers of enlightenment.

Obeisance to the givers of law, the preachers of law, the masters of law, the leaders of law, the world monarchs of law, and those who are the best in all the four directions.

Obeisance to those who are liberated from the bondage of wrong knowledge, who are the holders of unrestricted and best knowledge and faith, who (in this world) are the light, the liberators, the refuge, and the movers and the givers of rest.

Obeisance to those who are the victors and the givers of victory, the saviors and the saved, the givers of enlightenment and the enlightened, and the givers of liberation and the liberated.

Obeisance to the all-knowing, all-seeing Jinas, who have conquered fear, and who have attained the happy, stable, formless, infinite, imperishable, unobstructed, and eternal perfection state, and existence.

Obeisance to the Sramana Bhagavan Mahavira, the Adikara, and the last Tirthankara, whose advent was determined by the preceding Tirthankars.

From this station, do I pay homage and obeisance to the Lord who is there, and may the Revered Lord from there cast his gracious glances at me here.

Salutation to Tirthankars and Ascetics:

Ichchami Khamasamano Sutra

This Sutra is recited three times when a person physically bows to a Tirthankara at the temple or two times to an ascetic at their residence (Upashraya).

One must stand up and bow down each time.

Ichchami Khamasamano,

Vandium Javanijjae;

Niseehiae,

Matthaena Vandami.

With all my strength and giving up all my wrongful acts, I bow to Tirthankars or Ascetics with my head near to their feet.

Salutation to Ascetics:

Tikhutto Sutra

Tikhutto;

Ayahinam, Payahinam, Karemi, Vandami,

Namam-sami, Sakkaremi, Sammanemi;

Kallanam, Mangalam, Deviyam, Cheyiyam;

Pajjuwa-sami, Maththen Vandami.

Turn around clockwise three times; I do, I worship, I bow, I respect, I honor. You are divine. You are a remover of obstacles. You are like a God. You are an ocean of knowledge, I serve you, I bow my head to your feet.

Universal Forgiveness and Friendship:

Khamemi Savve Jiva Sutra

Khamemi Savve Jiva,

Savve Jiva Khamantu Me,

Metti Me Savve Bhuyesu,

Veram Majham Na Kenai.

I grant forgiveness to all living beings,

All living beings grant me forgiveness.

My friendship is with all living beings,

My enmity is totally nonexistent.

Daily Absolution Prayer:

Jam Jam Manen Baddham Sutra

Jam Jam Manen Baddham,

Jam Jam Vayen Bhasiyam Pavam,

Jam Jam Kayen Kayam,

Tass Michami Dukkaram.

Whatever wrong I have done by thought, word, or deed,

I ask for forgiveness.

Prayer To Universal Energy:

Om Hreem Shreem Kleem Arhum Hamsah

OM - name of supreme, universal, eternal, energy.

HREEM - seed mantra of all extraordinary powers.

SHREEM - seed mantra of glory, wealth, and beauty.

KLEEM - seed mantra of wealth and basic energy.

ARHUM - God or Arihant.

HAMSAH - remover of poison.

Pratikraman Meditation:

Meditation on Five Great Vows

Review the basic five Jain principles as shown below and recite in silence. The Jain prayer (Namokar Mantra) eleven times after reviewing each principle.

Ahimsa (Non-Violence)

Was I violent towards others and toward myself? in thought? in word? Or in action?

Did I encourage or appreciate violence in others?

Did I impose my thoughts on others?

Did I manipulate someone (a position of strength or a position of weakness)?

Did I speak harshly?

Was I selfish, competitive, insecure, fearful?

Did I put any harmful substance into my body (drugs, liquor, junk food, excess sugar)?

Did I expose my mind to violence by watching movies, reading books, or associate with the wrong company?

Meditate on Non-Violence (11 Namokar Mantra)

Satya (Truth)

Was I untruthful toward others and toward myself? in thought? in word? in action?

Did I encourage or appreciate non_truthfulness in another?

Did I exaggerate or distort facts for personal gain?

Did I use flattery or act pretentiously to get what I desire?

Whatever I speak will be the truth, but I need to speak all the truth. Truth must not create violence.

Meditate on Truth (11 Namokar Mantra)

Asteya (Non-stealing)

Did I steal or take what was not offered to me? in thought? in word? in action?

Did I encourage or appreciate stealing from others?

Did I get involved in receiving a bribe? (remember that you have the right to refuse anything that is offered if you feel that it is a bribe)

Meditate on Non-stealing (11 Namokar Mantra)

Brahmacharya (Celibacy/Chastity)

Did I control my five senses to stay within myself?

Did I practice the avoidance of the pleasures of the five senses; touch, taste, smell, sight, and hearing? in thought? in word? in action?

Did I encourage, appreciate, or manipulate lustfulness in others?

Meditate on Brahmacharya (11 Namokar Mantra)

Aparigraha: (Non-Possession/Non-Attachment)

Was I acquisitive or possessive? in thought? in word? in action?

Did I encourage or appreciate acquisition and possessiveness in others?

Do I have possessive attachments to other people or things?

Do I have things that I am not using?

Did I buy something for enjoyment and not for my need?

Meditate on Non-Possession (11 Namokar Mantra)

Meditation Statements:

I wish to be beyond praise and rebuke sinc antrapadaih shantaye stomi.

Shivmastu Sarva Jagatah,

Par-hit-nirata bhavantu bhutaganah,

Doshah Prayantu Nasham,

Sarvatra Sukhi bhavantu lokah.

Upsargah Shayam yanti,

Chhidhynte vighna-vallayah,

Manah prasann tameti,

Pujya mahne jineshwari.

Sarva mangalah mangahyam,

Sarva kalyana karanam,

Pradhanam atma dharmanam,

Jayanam jayti shashanam.

Recitation of the above helps overcome fears of water, fire, poison, snakes, disease, war, enemies, robbers, ghosts etc.. Also, we request peace and well being of all living beings in the world.

Kayotsarg or Meditation:

Keep your eyes half open and look at the scripture located in the center (sthapana), sit straight, and recite the Jain prayer (Namokar Mantra) 16 times. This meditation is done in order to get rid of our past and present bad karmas and resulting stress.

Pachchhakhan or Vow to give up:

At this time, one takes one or more vows to control ones desires for one hour, one evening, one day, or longer. One could take any or all of the following vows:

Not to eat........ (sweets, junk food, etc.)

Not to drink...... (soft drinks, beer, liquor, etc.)

Not to get angry at...(parents, children, relatives, friends, etc.)

Not to watch T.V...(MTV, sports, shows, etc.)

Not to disrespect...(parents, teachers, relatives, etc.)

Not to talk........(in class, meetings, during prayer etc.)

This completes the Pratikraman rituals.

Concluding The Vows of Samayik

In the last phase a person concludes the vow of equanimity (Samayik) by reciting the following Sutras.

Jain Prayer to Great Souls:

Namaskar/Namokar Maha-mantra

Namo Arihantanam

Namo Siddhanam

Namo Airiyanam

Namo Uvajjhayanam

Namo Loe Savva Sahunam

Eso Panch Namokaro

Savva Pava Panasano

Mangala Nancha Savvesim

Padhamam Havai Mangalam

Concluding the Vows of Samayik

Samayik-vaya-jutto Sutra:

Ehava Navma Samayik Vritna

Panch Aiyara Janiyavva.

Na Samayariyavva

Tan Jaha Te Aloun

Mana-duppanihane, Vaya-duppanihane, Kaya-duppanihane

Samaayiyassa Sai Akaranaya

Saamaaiyassa Anavatthiyassa Karanaya

Tassa Miccha Mi Dukkadam.

Saamaaiyam Sammam, Kaayenam Faasiyam,

Paaliyam Teeriyam, Kittiyam Sohiyam,

Aarahiyam Aanae Anupaliyam Na Bhavai

Tassa Miccha Mi Dukkadam.

Saamaayik Me

Das Manake, Das Vachanake, Bar Kaayake,

E Batris Doshamiese Laga Koi Dosha Ho To

Tassa Miccha Mi Dukkadam.

Samayik Me

Ahaar Sangnya, Bhay Sangya,

Maithun Sangya, Parigrah Sangya,

E Char Mese Sangya Koi Sangya Hoi To

Tassa Miccha Mi Dukkadam.

Samayik

Bhavse Liya Bhavse Pala

Usame Koyi Dosha Hua Ho To

Tassa Miccha Mi Dukkadam.

With regard to the vow of Samayik, there are five actions which are known and should be avoided.

They are described just as they are:

Mistaken or faulty thoughts, speech, bodily activity, forgetfulness of the vow of Samayik, and the improper procedure of Samayik.

If I have committed any of these faults, I beg forgiveness for them.

During the period of Samayik, if my bodily activities such as touch, and behavior were improper, if I did not offer complete and proper praise, respect, and worship, and, if I did not observe the teachings of the omniscient, then I may be forgiven for these faults.

There are other faults of mind, speech, and body which one may commit in Samayik. Whatever faults I may have committed, I beg forgiveness for them.

The instinct of eating, the instinct of fear, the instinct of pleasure, and the instinct of possessiveness should be avoided during Samayik. Out of these four instincts, if I had any instincts, may I be forgiven for it.

I took the vow of Samayik in a proper manner and I completed it as prescribed. Nevertheless, if any impropriety was done, I beg forgiveness for it.

As mentioned above, there are numerous faults of mind, speech, and body which should be avoided in Samayik. Some of these are doing Samayik because of pride, for fame and prestige, out of greed, for wealth, or with a desire of material reward.

After the completion of the Samayik and Pratikraman rituals, a person may recite some stavans or bhajans:

Samaro Mantra:

This song shows the importance of the Namokar Mantra, which should be remembered in periods of our happiness as well as unhappiness.

Samaro Mantra Bhalo Navkar,

Ye Chhe Chaud Purav No Saar.

Ye Na Mahima No Nahi Paar,

Ye No Arth Anant Apaar.

Sukh Maa Samaro, Dukh Ma Samaro,

Samaro Din Ne Raat.

Jeevata Samaro, Marata Samaro,

Samaro Sau Sanqaath.

Jogi Samare, Bhogi Samare,

Samare Raaja Rank.

Devo Samare, Danav Samare,

Samare Sau Nishank.

Arsath Akshar Ye Na Jaano,

Arsath Teerath Saar.

Aath Sampada Thi Parmaano,

Ar Siddhi Daataar.

Navapad Ye Na Nav Nidhi Aape,

Bhav Bhav Naa Dukh Kaape.

Veer Vachan Thi Hriday Thaape,

Paramaatam Pad Aape.

The Universal Friendship Song

Maitri Bhavana

Maitri Bhavanu Pavitra Zaranu,

Muj Haiya Ma Vahya Kare,

Shubh Thao Aa Sakal Vishvanu,

Evi Bhavana Nitya Rahe.

Gunathi Bharela Gunijana Dekhi,

Haivu Maru Nrutya Kare,

A Santo Na Charan Kamal Ma,

Muj Jivan No Ardhavya Rahe.

Din Krur Ne Dharma Vihona,

Dekhi Dilma Dard Rahe,

Karuna Bhini Ankho Mathi,

Ashruno Shubh Shrot Vahe.

Marg Bhulela Jivan Pathik Ne,

Marg Chindhava Ubho Rahu,

Kare Upexa A Marag Ni,

To Ye Samata Chitt Dharu.

Chitrabhanuni Dharma Bhavana,

Haiye Sau Manav Lave,

Ver Zer Na Paap Taji Ne,

Mangal Geeto Sau Gave.

May the sacred stream of amity

flow forever in my heart.

May the universe prosper,

such is my cherished desire.

May my heart sing with ecstasy

at the sight of the virtuous.

May my life be

an offering at their feet.

May my heart bleed at the sight of

the wretched, the cruel, the irreligious.

May tears of compassion

flow from my eyes.

May I always be there to show the path

to the pathless wanderers of life.

Yet if they should not hearken to me,

may I bide in patience.

May the spirit of goodwill

enter all our hearts.

May we all sing in chorus

the immortal song of human concord.

Appendix Significance of a Rosary (Mala):

A rosary consists of 108 beads representing 108 qualities of praiseworthy Souls:

Arihants 12 qualities

Siddhas 8 qualities

Acharyas 36 qualities

Upadhyaya 25 qualities

Sadhus 27 qualities

Total 108 qualities

Proper use of a Handkerchief or Muhpatti

Some Jains use a handkerchief around their mouth during Samayik and pratikraman in order not to kill invisible bacteria in the air.

Others hold the handkerchief in the front of their mouth while reciting Sutras during Samayik or Pratikraman.

The four corner of the handkerchief represent right knowledge, right perception, right conduct, and self control.

After folding it several times, one holds the handerchief in the right hand and touches the left arm with handkerchief from fingers to shoulder indicating acceptance of good qualities such as truth, helping others, less attachment, consideration, politeness, etc.

Then the folded handkerchief is swapped in the left hand and one touches the other arm from shoulder to fingers indicating rejection of bad qualities such as anger, greed, jealousy, stealing, violence, ego, etc.

Universal Forgiveness:

After performing Samvatsari Pratikraman or Daslakshna, Jains request forgiveness from all living beings in person or via mail. One example of such request in writing is shown below:

KSHMA VEERASYA BHUSHANAM

On This Auspicious Occasion of

KSHAMAVANI

We Beg Forgiveness

For Our Intentional and Unintentional

Wrongdoing

Michchhami Dukkadam

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